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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-32

Cross-sectional study regarding pattern of adverse drug reactions in a tertiary care hospital, Kakinada, India

1 Department of Pharmacology, Rangaraya Medical College, Pithampuram Road, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Rangaraya Medical College, Pithampuram Road, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Konaseema Institute of Medical Sciences Research Foundation, NH-216 Chaitanya Health City, Amalapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Tarun Kumar Suvvari
Rangaraya Medical College, Pithampuram Road, Kakinada 533001, Andhra Pradesh.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mgmj.mgmj_85_20

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Introduction: Drugs are considered as double-edged weapons with the potential to cause benefit as well as harm. Recent studies reveal that adverse drug reactions (ADRs) imply a remarkable burden on the length of hospital stay, healthcare facilities, and sometimes they require additional investigations and drug therapies for the treatment of symptoms and diseases caused to the patient. So, further local studies are required to understand the scenario and to improve the safety of prescribing and monitoring drugs and improved patient adherence to medication. Objectives: To evaluate and assess the pattern of adverse drug reactions reported to the ADR Monitoring Centre, Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, India. Materials and Methods: The current study was a retrospective and an observational type of study carried out at the ADR Monitoring Centre of a tertiary care hospital. Total ADRs reported during the two years from June 2016 to June 2018 were included in the study. Each ADR was analyzed for demographic data, relationship to drugs as per causality assessment, and frequency of ADRs. Microsoft Excel 2019 and SPPS version 20 were used for data analysis. Results: The most common group of drugs showing ADRs were anti-retroviral therapy (ART) drugs, followed by anti-microbial agents. Most of the ADRs were probable and mild. Rash was the most frequently occurring ADR. Conclusion: The study of ADRs in a particular institute using demographic patterns will contribute to patient safety by sensitizing the clinicians in that particular institute.

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